Where Do We Stand?


Welcome to lesson 2 of our module “The Power of Nutrition”: Where Do We Stand?

Before we start healing the world we want to check what exactly it is we need to treat. In this lesson, we will gather important data on the world’s health status. We will look at DALYs (disability-adjusted life years) and mortality associated with unhealthy diets, as well as the respective healthcare costs.

What will I learn in this lesson?

  • The most important public health numbers.
  • The number of diet-related deaths associated with NCDs (noncommunicable diseases).
  • The Global Burden of Disease and the influence that poor diet has on global health.
  • The global economic costs of poor diets and subsequent chronic diseases on healthcare systems.

Before moving on to the next lesson, we recommend that you watch the video and pass the quiz.

Note: In each video lesson, the key facts and learnings will be sent to your module cheat sheet, which will become available for PAN members after completing the final test.



WHO Ten global health threats in 2019
https://www.who.int/news-room/spotlight/ten-threats-to-global-health-in-2019 (last access_ 2021-05-26)

DALYs lost due to poor diet (figure 3, panels C+D) and mortality (figure 3, panels A+B)
Murray, CJL et al. “Global Burden of 87 Risk Factors in 204 Countries and Territories, 1990–2019: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019.” The Lancet 396, no. 10258 (October 2020): 1223–49. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30752-2.

Definition of DALYs
https://www.who.int/data/gho/indicator-metadata-registry/imr-details/158 (last access: 2021-05-26)

Healthcare costs
World https://www.oecd.org/health/Expenditure-by-disease-age-and-gender-FOCUS-April2016.pdf (last access: 2021-05-26)

https://www.oecd.org/germany/Heavy-burden-of-obesity-Media-country-note-GERMANY.pdf (last access: 2021-05-26)

Rtveladze, K et al. “Obesity Prevalence in Mexico: Impact on Health and Economic Burden.” Public Health Nutrition 17, no. 1 (January 2014): 233–39. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980013000086.

Loewen, OK et al. “Economic Burden of Not Complying with Canadian Food Recommendations in 2018.” Nutrients 11, no. 10 (October 20, 2019): 2529. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102529.

Jardim, TV et al. “Cardiometabolic Disease Costs Associated with Suboptimal Diet in the United States: A Cost Analysis Based on a Microsimulation Model.” Edited by Sanjay Basu. PLOS Medicine 16, no. 12 (December 17, 2019): e1002981. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002981.

Additional Attribution

Background music in video: https://www.bensound.com/royalty-free-music

Lesson Content